Map number 12: shows Europe as it appeared for a short period during the Napoleonic wars. The Holy Roman Empire is gone from the map of Europe forever! Over 1,000 years of history now past! The Papal States do not appear on this map of Europe in 1810 because they were occupied by French troops under Napoleon for a few years. The Pope was actually imprisoned in Avignon. But that did not last since the Pope's "temporality" was restored in a few years after the defeat of Napoleon as the next map will show..
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